Zeszyt 4 (46) 2017 , DOI: 10.17306/J.JARD.2017.00353
Mustapha Sa’adu, Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida
ARTISANAL FISHER FOLK’S PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTS OF VARIABILITY IN CLIMATIC FACTORS ON FISH YIELD IN KAINJI LAKE BASIN, NIGERIA
This study assessed the artisanal fisher folk’s perception
of the effects of variability in climatic factors on fish
yield in Kainji Lake basin. The specific objectives were to:
describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents;
assess the artisanal fisher folk’s perception of the effects
of variability in climatic factors on fish yield; and assess the
influence of variability in climatic factors on fish yield. Both
primary and secondary data was used for the study. Primary
data was collected from 173 respondents using structured
questionnaires while secondary data was obtained from the
Power Holding Company of Nigeria and the National Institute
of Freshwater Fisheries Research (NIFFR), all of them
located in New Bussa, Niger State. Once collected, the data
was analyzed based on descriptive and inferential statistics
involving the use of multiple regression models. As shown by
the results, 91.32% of respondents were male; many (75.14%)
of them aged between 41 and 60. Most of them (90.18%)
were married and had Quranic education (96.62%). 48.74%
had a household composed of 6 to 10 members. The respondents
perceived all the factors of climate variability (draught,
change in the lake’s water levels, variations in the seasonal
calendar, change in seasonal rainfall, Harmattan intensity
and change in temperatures) as unfavorable developments
(with small variations in the mean scores). As an exception,
humidity and change in sunlight conditions were believed to
be favorable aspects by the respondents. The implication is
that all the variables except humidity and change in sunlight
conditions will adversely affect the fish yield, as claimed by
the respondents. As shown by the results of a multiple regression
study of the influence of variability in climatic factors
on fish yield, the temperature had a negative influence on fish yield, whereas water inflow had a positive effect. The study
recommends that the local population should attend adult literacy
classes and improve their formal education levels. The
management of NIFFR and other higher authorities, such as
the Ministry of Water Resources and the Ministry of Environment,
that are vested with the responsibility of managing
the water bodies, should be advised to stock the water bodies
with fish species that are resistant to temperature. In turn,
the artisanal fisher folk should be encouraged to improve on
their management practices, especially as regards overfishing
and the use of obnoxious fishing methods. Also, they should
extend their livelihood to such areas as crop production, animal
breeding, trading/commerce and services as alternative
income diversification strategies to cushion the effect of declining
fish yields as a result of climate change.
Keywords: artisanal fisher folk, variability, perception, fish yield, Kainji Lake
|MLA||Saadu, Mustapha, and Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida. "ARTISANAL FISHER FOLK’S PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTS OF VARIABILITY IN CLIMATIC FACTORS ON FISH YIELD IN KAINJI LAKE BASIN, NIGERIA." J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 46.4 (2017): 825-833.|
|APA||Mustapha Sa’adu, Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida (2017). ARTISANAL FISHER FOLK’S PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTS OF VARIABILITY IN CLIMATIC FACTORS ON FISH YIELD IN KAINJI LAKE BASIN, NIGERIA. J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 46 (4), 825-833|
|ISO 690||SAADU, Mustapha, TAFIDA, Ahmadu Abubakar. ARTISANAL FISHER FOLK’S PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECTS OF VARIABILITY IN CLIMATIC FACTORS ON FISH YIELD IN KAINJI LAKE BASIN, NIGERIA. J. Agribus. Rural Dev., 2017, 46.4: 825-833.|
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