Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Poznaniu

Wydział Ekonomiczno-Społeczny - Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu

Biblioteka Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Poznaniu

Directory of Open Acces Journals

CBR- Open Access Journals in Poland

Index Copernicus Journal Master List

Arianta

BazEkon

Ebsco

Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Creaive Commons

Zeszyt 1 (43) 2017 , DOI: 10.17306/J.JARD.2017.00326

Tolulope Olayemi Oyekale, Adedayo Oladipo Ayegbokiki, Temitayo Yemisi Adebayo

ANALYSIS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ FOOD SECURITY STATUS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

Analiza bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego gospodarstw wiejskich w nigeryjskim Stanie Ogun

Abstract:

Although food is one of the basic necessities of life, food insecurity remains a major problem in Nigeria. This paper analyzes the factors influencing food security among rural households in Ogun State, Nigeria. Data were collected with multi-stage sampling procedure and analyzed with descriptive statistics and Probit regression model. The results show that mean age and household size of the respondents were 43years (std dev = 13.31) and 5 (std dev = 3.28) respectively. The mean per capita household expenditure per day was N113.57. Using two-third mean per capita expenditure as food security line, 70.1 percent of the households were food secure, while 36.7 percent were food secure with dollar per day per person food security line. Factors that contributed to food security status of the households at two-third mean per capita household expenditure and a dollar per day were dependency ratio, marital status, age, and income. It was recommended that in order to increase food security, rural dwellers should be encouraged to diversify their income sources, among others.

Abstract in polish:

 Chociaż jedzenie stanowi jedną z podstawowych potrzeb życiowych, brak bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego pozostaje poważnym problemem dla mieszkańców Nigerii. W niniejszym opracowaniu przeanalizowano czynniki oddziałujące na bezpieczeństwo żywnościowe gospodarstw wiejskich w nigeryjskim stanie Ogun. Dane zebrano w ramach wieloetapowej procedury pobierania próbek, a następnie przeanalizowano za pomocą metod statystyki opisowej i modelu regresji probitowej. Jak pokazują wyniki, średnia wieku respondentów wyniosła 43 lata (odchylenie standardowe = 13,31) przy średniej liczbie 5 osób (odchylenie standardowe = 3,28) wchodzących w skład gospodarstwa domowego. Średnie wydatki dzienne gospodarstwa domowego w przeliczeniu na osobę kształtowały się na poziomie 113,57 NGN. Jeśli przyjąć, że granica bezpieczeństwa żywno- ściowego odpowiada dwóm trzecim średnich wydatków dziennych w przeliczeniu na osobę, to 70,1% gospodarstw domowych miało zapewnione bezpieczeństwo żywnościowe. Natomiast przy założeniu, że granica ta przypada na kwotę jednego dolara dziennie na osobę odsetek bezpiecznych żywnościowo gospodarstw wyniósł 36,7%. Na bezpieczeństwo żywnościowe gospodarstw przy granicy przebiegającej na poziomie dwóch trzecich średnich wydatków na osobę lub na poziomie jednego dolara dziennie oddziaływały następujące czynniki: wskaźnik zależności, stan cywilny, wiek i dochód. Zaleca się, aby w celu poprawy bezpieczeństwa żywnościowego zachęcać mieszkańców obszarów wiejskich m.in. do dywersyfikacji źródeł dochodu.

Keywords: food security, food expenditure, rural households

Keywords in polish: bezpieczeństwo żywnościowe, wydatki na żywność, gospodarstwa wiejskie

PDF in in english Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
www.jard.edu.pl/vol43/issue1/art_17.pdf
http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/J.JARD.2017.00326
For citation:

MLA Oyekale, Tolulope Olayemi, et al. "ANALYSIS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ FOOD SECURITY STATUS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA." J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 43.1 (2017): 163-174.
APA Tolulope Olayemi Oyekale, Adedayo Oladipo Ayegbokiki, Temitayo Yemisi Adebayo (2017). ANALYSIS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ FOOD SECURITY STATUS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA. J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 43 (1), 163-174
ISO 690 OYEKALE, Tolulope Olayemi, AYEGBOKIKI, Adedayo Oladipo, YEMISI ADEBAYO, Temitayo. ANALYSIS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ FOOD SECURITY STATUS IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA. J. Agribus. Rural Dev., 2017, 43.1: 163-174.
Corresponding address:
Dr Tolulope Olayemi Oyekale, Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Authors email:
olayemitolulope@yahoo.com

References

  • Abu G. A. And Soom A. (2016) Analysis of factors affecting Food Security in Rural and Urban Farming Householdsof Benue State, Nigeria. International journal of food and agricultural Economics Vol4(1) pp55-58
  • Adeniyi O.R and O A Ojo (2013), Food Security Status of Rural Farming Households in Iwo,
  • Ayedire and Ayedaade Local Government Areas of Osun State, South-western Nigeria. African Journal of Food Agriculture, nutrition and Development. Volume 13 (5) Pp 8209-8223.
  • Adepoju A. O and Adejare A. (2013) Food insecurity status of Rural Households during the post planting season in Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and sustainability. Vol 4 (1)
  • Adewuyi S. A.,Adebayo A. O., Aderinboye R. Y. and Bada B. S. (2009) Ogun State Diagnostic Survey Report. Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research, University of Agriculture Abeokuta
  • Amaza P.S, Olayemi F.K; Adejobi Y. B and Iheanacho A. (2007) Baseline socioeconomic survey report: Agriculture in Borno State, Nigeria. IITA
  • Anyanwu, J. C. 2013. Marital status, household size and poverty in Nigeria: evidence from the 2009/2010 survey data. African Development Bank Group Working Paper No. 180, September 2013.
  • Arene C.J. and Anyaeji R. C. (2010) Determinants of Food Security among Households in Nsukka Metropolis of Enugu State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS) Vol. 30 (1) pp. 9-16
  • Asenso-Okyere, K. and Jemaneh, S. 2012. Increasing agricultural productivity and enhancing food security in Africa: new challenges and opportunities. Synopsis of an international conference. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC., March 2012.
  • Babatunde, R.O., Omotesho,O.A.. and Sholotan, O.S. 2007.Socio-economic characteristic and food security status of farming households in Kwara state. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(1):49-58.
  • Chikaire, J.U., Ani, A.O., Atoma, C.N., and Tijjani A.R. 2015. Extension services for effective agricultural risk management in Orlu agricultural zone of Imo State, Nigeria. Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 2(1A):1-8.
  • Dada E.A. (2011), Resource Management and Food Insecurity in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development ISSN 2222-1700 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2855 (Online) Vol.2, No. 5, 2011.
  • Fakayode,S.B.,Rhaji,M.A.Y, Oni O.A. and Adeyemi M.O. 2009. An assessment of food security situations of farm households in Nigeria: a USDA approach.The Social Sciences 4(1):24-29.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United State.1999. World food summit.Downloaded from http://www.fao.org/docrep/x2051e/x2051e00.HTM on 15/06/13. (Internet)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United State. 2006. Food security. FAO Policy Brief, Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Information and MappingSystems. Rome.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United State. 2008. The state of food and agriculture in Asia and the Pacific Asia and the Pacific Food Situation Update, FAO September 2008. Rome.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United State.2012.Economic growth is necessary but not sufficient to accelerate reduction of hunger and malnutrition. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation.Downloaded from http://www.fao.org/publications/sofi/2012/en/on 02/06/2014. (Internet)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development, World Food Program. 2015. “The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015. Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition.” Rome: FAO. http://www.fao.org/3/a4ef2d16-70a7-460a-a9ac-a65a533269a/i4646e.pdfAccessed September 2016.Gujarati, D.N. 2004. Basic Econometrics. New York: McGraw-Hill, Fourth Edition.
  • Holmboe-Ottesen, G., Mascarenhas, O. and Wandel, M.1988. Women's role in food production and nutrition: implications for their quality of life. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 10: 8-15.
  • Idrisa, Y.L., Gwary. M.M. and Shehu H (2008), Analysis of Food Security Satus Among Farming Households in Jere Local Government of Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food Environment and Extension. Volume7, Number 3, pp 199-205.
  • Iram, U. and Butt, M.S. 2004. Determinants of households’ food security: an empirical analysis for PakistanInternational Journal of Social Economics 31(8):753-766.
  • Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER).2008. The global food crisis: impact and policy implications in Nigeria. A report submitted to the National Fadama Development Office. Abuja. February, 2008.
  • Obayelu, A.E. 2012. Classification of households into food security status in the North-Central Nigeria: an application of Rasch measurement model. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 5(3):26-42.
  • Ogundari, K., Aladejimokun, A.O. and Arifalo S.F. 2015. Household demand for food away from home (fafh) in Nigeria: the role of education. The Journal of Developing Areas 49(2):248-261.
  • Omonona, B.T. and Agoi, G.A. 2007. An analysis of food security situation among Nigerian urban households: evidence from Lagos state. Nigeria Journal of Central European Agriculture 8 (3):397-406
  • Oni, O.A. and Fashogbon,A.E. 2013. Food poverty and livelihood issues in Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural and Research Economics 8(2):108- 135.
  • Orewa, S.I. and Iyangbe, C.O. 2009. The food insecurity profile among the rural and low income urban dweller in Nigeria. An Euras Journal of Science Res 4:302-307.
  • Riely F, Mock N, Cogill B, Bailey L, and Kenefick E (1999), Food Security Indicators and Framework for Use in the Monitoring and Evaluation of Food Aid Programs. Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance, USAID Published January 1999
  • Sanusi, R. A., Adebukola, B. C. and Oyindamola Y. B. 2006. Measuring household food insecurity in selected local government areas of Lagos and Ibadan, Nigeria Pakistan Journal of Nutrition5:62-67.
  • Shroeder, E. A and Tennassie (2005) The adoption of HIV/AIDs orphan and Food Security in rural Ingwavuma South Africa. International journal of Technology management and Sustainable Development. Vol5 (2) pp173-187 (15)
  • The Nation. 2015. Up, up go food prices. July 19, 2015. Downloaded from http://thenationonlineng.net/up-up-go-food-prices/ on 12/08/2015. (Internet)
  • The Vanguard News (2011) Ogun State approves ₦18250 new minimum wage Feburary 23 2011 http://www.vanguardngr.com/2011/02/senate-approves-n18000-national-minimum-wage/
  • Zan, H. and Fan, J. 2010. Cohorts effects of household expenditure on food away from home. The Journal of Consumer Affairs4(1): 213-233.