Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Poznaniu

Wydział Ekonomiczno-Społeczny - Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu

Biblioteka Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Poznaniu

Directory of Open Acces Journals

CBR- Open Access Journals in Poland

Index Copernicus Journal Master List




Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Creaive Commons

Zeszyt 4 (46) 2017 , DOI: 10.17306/J.JARD.2017.00394

Karolina Karpus



The purpose of this study is to introduce the ‘ecosystem
services’ concept from the legal perspective, which so
far has not attracted as much attention in the Polish scientific
community as analyses focused on natural and economic aspects.
The concept is strongly promoted as a part of biodiversity
and water protection measures which are issues of key
importance for the agriculture. This means the agriculture
sector will be the first to be affected by legal loopholes in this
area. The analysis includes a general attempt to identify the
legal grounds for the term and concept of ‘ecosystem services’
as well as the assessment of the current state of the Polish
legislator’s works on this matter. At the same time, a confrontation
of this concept’s theoretical grounds with the underpinning
values of environmental law (especially with the ‘polluter
pays’ principle) allows to detail the part of this concept
(positive externalities of ecosystem services and PES) which
currently poses a real challenge for the Polish legislator and
requires a redefinition of current directions for specifying the
environmental rights and obligations.

Słowa kluczowe: sustainable development of agriculture, ecosystem services, environmental law, ‘polluter pays’ principle, ‘beneficiary pays’ principle

PDF in angielskim Publikacja w języku angielskim w formacie Adobe Acrobat:
Zapis do cytowania:

MLA Karpus, Karolina. "THE ‘ECOSYSTEM SERVICES’ CONCEPT IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW." J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 46.4 (2017): 779-786.
APA Karolina Karpus (2017). THE ‘ECOSYSTEM SERVICES’ CONCEPT IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW. J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 46 (4), 779-786
ISO 690 KARPUS, Karolina. THE ‘ECOSYSTEM SERVICES’ CONCEPT IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW. J. Agribus. Rural Dev., 2017, 46.4: 779-786.
Adres do korespondencji:
dr Karolina Karpus, Environmental Law Department, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, W. Bojarskiego 3 St., 87-100 Toruń, Poland
Email do korespondencji:


  • Baum, R. (2008). Zrównoważony rozwój rolnictwa i kryteria jego oceny. J. Agribus. Rural Dev. 7 (1), 1-11.
  • Blanco, E., Razzaque, J. (2009). Ecosystem Services and Human Well-Being in a Globalized World: Assessing the Role of Law. Human Rights Quarterly, Issue 3, 692-720.
  • Brand, U., Vadrot, A.B.M. (2013). Epistemic Selectivities and the Valorisation of Nature: the Cases of the Nagoya Protocol And the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform For Biodiversity And Ecosystem Services (IPBES). Law, Environment and Dev. J., Issue 2, 202-220.
  • CICES (2017). Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: https://cices.eu
  • FAO (2010). Relevance of OECD agri-environmental measures for remuneration of positive externalities/payments for environmental services. Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/al921e/al921e00.pdf
  • Froger, G., Boisvert, V., Méral, P., Le Coq, J-F., Caron, A., Aznar, O. (2015). Market-Based Instruments for Ecosystem Services between Discourse and Reality: An Economic and Narrative Analysis. Sustainability, 7, 11595-11611.
  • Global Environment Facility (2014). GEF Investments on Payment for Ecosystem Services Schemes, World Bank: Washington, DC. Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/20681; License: CC BY 3.0 IGO
  • IPBES (2012). Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://www.ipbes.net/about-us
  • Król, M.A. (2014). Ochrona biosfery w działalności rolniczej. In: M. Górski (ed.), Prawo ochrony środowiska (p. 629-642). Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer Business.
  • Lugo, E. (2008). Ecosystem Services, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, and the Conceptual Difference Between Benefits Provided by Ecosystems and Benefits Provided by People. Journal of Land Use and Environ. L., Issue 2, 243-261.
  • MAES (2017). Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://biodiversity.europa.eu/maes
  • Maes, J. (2016). Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES): Highlights and Uncertainties of a Science-Policy Interface on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Ekonomia i środowisko, Nr 4, 52-64.
  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005a). Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://www.millenniumassessment.org/en/History.html
  • Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005b). Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Opportunities and Challenges for Business and Industry. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.
  • Minister Środowiska (2014). Piąty krajowy raport z wdrażania konwencji o różnorodności biologicznej. Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://biodiv.gdos.gov.pl/wdrazanie-konwencji/national-reports/piaty-krajowy-raport/v-krajowy-raport-cbd.pdf
  • Monteduro, M. (2013). Environmental Law and Agroecology. Transdisciplinary Approach to Public Ecosystem Services as a New Challenge for Environmental Legal Doctrine. Europ. Energy and Environ. Law Rev., Issue 1, 2-11.
  • OECD (1992). The Polluter-Pays Principle. OECD Analyses and Recommendations - OCDE/GD(92)81, Paris: OECD.
  • Olszynski, M.Z.P. (2012). Environmental Damages after the Federal Environmental Enforcement Act: Bringing Ecosystem Services to Canadian Environmental Law?, Osgoode Hall Law J., Issue 1, 129-176.
  • Radecki, W. (2008). Ustawa o ochronie przyrody. Komentarz. Warszawa: Difin.
  • Ring, I., Hansjürgens, B., Elmqvist, T., Wittmer, H., Sukhdev, P. (2010). Challenges in framing the economics of ecosystems and biodiversity: the TEEB initiative. Current Opinion in Environ. Sustainability, Issue 2, 15-26.
  • Ruhl, J. B., Lant, C. L., Kraft, S.E. (2007). The Law and Policy of Ecosystem Services. Washington: Island Press.
  • Ruhl, J.B. (2008). Agriculture And Ecosystem Services: Strategies For State And Local Governments. N.Y. U. Environmental Law Journal, vol. 17, 424-459.
  • Salzman, J. (2006). A Field of Green? The Past and Future of Ecosystem Services. Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law, Issue 2, 133-151.
  • Salzman, J., Thompson, B.H., Daily, G.C. (2001). Protecting Ecosystem Services: Science, Economics, and Law, Stanford Environ. Law J., Issue 2, 309-332.
  • Stenseke, M. (2016). The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and the challenge of integrating social sciences and humanities. Bull. of Geography. Socio-econ. Series, Vol. 33, 119-129.
  • Stępniewska, M., et al. (2017) Capability of the Polish legal system to introduce the ecosystem services approach into environmental management. Ecosystem Services http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.02.025
  • TEEB (2014). The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) FOr agriculture & food. Concept note. Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://www.teebweb.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/TEEB-for-Agriculture-and-Food_Concept-note1.pdf
  • TEEB (2017). Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: http://www.teebweb.org/about/the-initiative
  • UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (2013). Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES): best practice guide. Downloaded on 20.06.2017 from: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/payments-for-ecosystem-services-pes-best-practice-guide
  • UNECE (2014). The Value Of Forests. Payments for Ecosystem Services in a Green Economy. Geneva Timber And Forest Study Paper 34 (ECE/TIM/SP/34), Geneva: United Nations.
  • Vincent, J.R. (2012). Ecosystem Services and Green Growth. Policy Research Working Paper 6233, Washington: The World Bank Development Research Group Environment and Energy Team & Sustainable Development Network Office of the Chief Economist.
  • Żmija, D. (2011). System płatności bezpośrednich w Polsce w kontekście rozwiązań stosowanych w Unii Europejskiej. Zesz. Nauk. SGGW w Warszawie. Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, Nr 1, 193-201.