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  1. Guidelines for authors
  2. General article requirements and technical text preparation
  3. Article layout
  4. References
  5. Sending articles
  6. Reviewing procedure


1.     Guidelines for authors

“Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development” publishes scientific articles in English.

The editors of "Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development" quarterly lead the policy of ghostwriting and guest authorship prevention.


2.     General article requirements and technical text preparation

  • The length of articles should not exceed 12 printed pages of the A4 format, including graphics and tables.
  • Text should be typed using Times New Roman 12 pts font and 1.5 interline spacing. Text fragments can be distinguished using italics or bold type. However, letters, words or sentences must not be underlined.
  • Figures, photographs, charts (in grayscale) and tables should be numbered consecutively. The size of a figure must not exceed the B5 format (12.5 × 19.5 cm). Figures and tables can be placed near their reference in the basic text.


3.     Article layout

  • Title of article
  • Author’s name (first name and surname)
  • Name of scientific institution (affiliation)
  • Abstract (max. 200 words) – structured abstract is applied. It refers to all consecutive sections of the article, i.e.  introduction, research materials and methods used in the article and contains the most significant research findings and conclusions.
  • Key words (max. 6)
  • Main text should contain: Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References, Tables and figures.
  • Acknowledgements. If applicable, collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals and/or organisations that provided help, including financial support, during the research.
  • Figure captions

Full legend describing the figure and explaining all the symbols used must be pasted below respective figures. An excess of headings and subheadings should be avoided. Only generic and specific names should be set in italics. Any issue not covered by the present instruction should be resolved based on the APA system and the scientific style and format. The CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers [1994, Cambridge Univ. Press].


4.     References

When making reference to other authors’ publications, the name and year must be provided in parentheses in chronological order (Kowalski 2005, Nowak 2007) or ... according to Kowalski (2005).

References must be listed in alphabetical order under the APA standards (http://www.apastyle.org).

Whenever it is possible, please add the DOI number at the end of a reference. More details about DOI: https://www.doi.org/


Finney, J. (1970). Time and again. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

Edited book

Franks, A. (Ed.). (2005). Margaret Sanger's eugenic legacy: The control of female fertility. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.


Lawrence, J. A., Dodds, A. E. (2003). Goal-directed activities and life-span development. In J. Valsiner, K. Connolly (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychology (pp. 517–533). London, England: Sage Publications.

Journal article

Nevin, A. (1990). The changing of teacher education special education. TESE, 13(3-4), 147-148.


Freakonomics (2010). E-ZPass is a life-saver (literally) [Blog post]. Retrieved from: http://freakonomics.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/10/29/e-zpass-is-a-life-saver-literally/

If no author:

All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue (2010). Retrieved from: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/39625809/ns/world_news-americas/

Legal reference

Private Education Act, Rev. ed. Cap 247A (2011).

Article layout pattern example can be found at -> here.


5.     Sending of articles

Articles containing attached statement of the article originality signed by the author, should be emailed to the editorial assistant: editor@jard.edu.pl with an: (Author’s statement, Consent to personal data processing).


6.     Reviewing procedure

  • Each publication is evaluated by editor-in-chief (topic editor) and if the basic requirements are fulfilled the text is sent to be reviewed.
  • Each publication is evaluated by at least two independent Reviewers appointed from outside the Poznan University of Life Sciences, Scientific Board of “Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development” and Editorial Board.
  • The double-blind review process is applied, where neither the Authors nor the Reviewers know each other’s identities. A review is a written document, which ends with a definite conclusion whether the article should be published or rejected.

The following evaluation criteria and procedures are applied:

A: very good article – accept

The article is accepted for printing without sending back to the Author. The Author receives a message about the positive review.

B:  good article – accept when the Reviewer’s comments have been fulfilled

The article is sent back to the Author to make changes suggested by the Reviewer. Then the Author resends the corrected copy of the article with the opinion about the remarks made in the review to the editors. The Editor-in-Chief makes a decision whether the article should be accepted for printing.

C: acceptable after general reconstruction

The article is sent back to the Author to make general changes suggested by the Reviewer. Then the Author sends the corrected copy of the article.  The corrections must contain the opinion about the remarks made in the review to the Editors. The Editors send the article for another review. The Author may be obliged to pay extra costs of the review of the corrected article.

D: poor – the article should not be published in JARD

The article is not accepted for publication and cannot be resent to the Editors.


Every year a list of reviewers collaborating with the Editors is published in the last, fourth issue of the quarterly and on the website, when all the four issues of the journal have been sent to printing.

For download: Review

The procedure of reviewing scientific articles in ‘Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development’ quarterly was written according to the guidelines of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.